Child Labor – Essay 1.
Child Labor (or Child Labour) refers to the oppression of a child at his or her young and tender age, and making this child do the things that are originally meant to be done by adults. It therefore stands as a vice as it leads to the oppression of the under aged.
Child labor is caused by poverty which compels children to step up and try to be sources of provision for their families.
Corruption forms another cause that is both sad and alarming. Corrupt people will often go for corrupt means such as employing under age children to do their bidding. Also, the corrupt nature leads them to go for cheap labor which can sometimes mean employing the services of under age and therefore unqualified children. This is child labor.
Unemployment of parents also causes child labor as it leads to desperation in that everyone has to contribute towards putting a meal on the table for the family.
Child labor is a concern that multiple governments all over the world are combating. For a better world, it is a call to everyone to always report cases or incidences of child labor so that the rights of these children are defended by all possible means.
By Mary (2019)
Child Labor – Essay 2.
Child labor (alternate spelling: child labour) refers to the employment of children by commercial and business enterprises in ways that are detrimental or exploitative to the overall growth of the child.
Child labor has been an international concern. When children are engaged as laborers, they are deprived of normal childhood. This severely damages the future prospects of the children. Since, the success of a country largely depends on its future generation, any nation with a large pool of child laborers would have very less chance of becoming a major economy.
Child labor is a serious social problem, not only in India but also in other developing countries. The law in Indian soil says that any child below age of 14 cannot be employed either in a factory or office or restaurant.
Child Labor may affect international or cross border trade if human rights are violated and children are involved manufacturing, or ancillary activities such as packaging and transportation.
Truly speaking child labor is frequently utilized at various places of production and service e.g., small-scale industry, restaurant service, domestic aid, shopkeeper’s assistant, stone breaking, book binding, and in many other house-hold industry.
Causes of Child Labor
Highly populous developing countries, such as India have a large number of people are below the poverty line (BPL). Child are seen engaged in child labor on account of the following causes.
- Children work to earn and support their family with increases income,
- Since the labor cost is low, greedy people exploit children to gain unfair benefit or advantage.
- The parents of children are not aware of the possible harmful effects of child labor on their children.
- Besides poverty, illiteracy is also a major reason for child labor.
- Children are often engaged as domestic aid as there is less possibility of them being dishonest or violent.
- In some culture there is a tradition of heredity based occupation. They often believe that there is nothing wrong is the child doing manual tasks because it will help him learn the traits of the business.
Effects of Child Labor
The effects of child labor are:
- Children are exploited and denied to enjoy their childhood.
- Children are denied basic fundamental rights such as education.
- The health of such children remains poor. They suffer from malnutrition, and they mind and body doesn’t grow properly.
- Children working withing industrial complexes are exposed to industrial noise.
- Children working in mining industries suffers from respiratory ailments.
- They get very few opportunities for playing games and sports.
- Since children grow up to become illiterate adults, and get very few job opportunities.
Solutions to Child Labor
The solution to the problem of Child Labor are:
- There should be strict enforcement of child labor laws by the Government.
- The general public need to be made aware of the severe consequences of Child labor.
- An increase in employment opportunity, both skilled and unskilled, for adults would help in overcoming the problem of poverty and child labor.
- Government should ensure that every child gets the opportunity to go to school. These little children will become the learned citizens and earn name, fame, and money for the country.
- Rich people can donate more in child welfare programs.
- The owners of factories and mines should take the pledge of not engaging child in their place of business on moral grounds.
You can also read, Solutions to Stop Child Labor – 7 Points, where solutions to stop child labor have been suggested.
Child labor cannot be an excuse under any circumstances. Instead of child labor, entire focus should be on child education. If the boy or girl takes up a small job as a domestic help or restaurant boy against a nominal salary, he or she does not get enough time for primary and secondary education. Illiterate and unskilled population cannot make a great nation. Hence, it is in the benefit and interest of all that no child should be engaged as labor both from legal point of view as well as the child’s future interest.
By Bijoy Basak (2013)