The state of Assam is the North-eastern region of India. Assam is one among the “Seven Sister states” in India. Assam has rich Ethnic culture. It comprises the region along
- Brahmaputra river valley,
- Barak river valleys,
- Karbi Anglong and
- North Cachar Hills.
1. State Capital: whose capital is Dispur, located within the municipal area of Guwahati city.
2. Major Cities: The major cities of Assam are Guwahati, Silchar, Dibrugarh, Tinsukia and Jorhat.
3. Fast growing: Guwahati is among the top 100 fastest growing cities in the world.
4. Climate: Assam has tropical monsoon climate. The region witnesses heavy rainfall. The summer temperature remains within 38 degree Celsius. The winter temperature does not normally fall below 6 degree Celsius.
5. Surrounding States: The six surrounding states of Assam are Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Meghalaya. These seven states (Assam along with other six surrounding states) is popularly known as “Seven Sister States”.
6. International Border: Assam shares international boundary with Bhutan and Bangladesh.
7. Major Festivals: Bihu is the most important Festival in Assam. Ambubachi Mela is the most popular yearly mela that is celebrated in the Kamakhya Temple in Guwahati at Assam.
8 First Oil Reserve: The first oil reserves of India were discovered in Assam in the late 19th Century and that’s why Assam is one of the large and old petroleum resources.
9. Largest Tea Producer: Assam is also famous for its Tea. Assam is the largest tea producing state in India, accounting to almost 50 percent of the total production.
10. Wildlife Sanctuaries: Assam is also famous for wildlife sanctuaries and national parks. The state has been successful in saving many wild lives from extinction. Famous sanctuaries in Assam are Kaziranga National Park, Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary, Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary, Deepor Beel Bird Sanctuary, Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary, etc. Assam attracts wild life tourism and Kazirangais a World Heritage Site.
11. Major Rivers: The major rivers of Assam are Brahmaputra and Barak rivers.