You might be well aware of the Indian history, its diversified culture and ancient architectures! India is a large country and has rich cultural heritage. India is a beautiful country and the birthplace of several tribes, religions and cultures. India is also very popular for its contribution in the field of science and technology. Even the Indian cuisine is popular all over the world! So, why not explore some of the most interesting facts about India.!
1. Origin of the Name ‘India’: India, the country’s name, is derived from the Indus River. River Indus was worshiped by the Aryans and they referred the river as the Sindhu. It was later converted into ‘Hindu’ by the Persians.
2. Bharat: India is also called Bharat and even recognized as the official name by the Indian constitution. The term Bharat has been taken from Ancient Indian texts.
3. First Urban culture: The Indus Valley Civilization in India is more than 3000 years old and is considered to be the first Urban Culture in South Asia.
4. The ancient language of Indus Valley Civilization, the earliest urban Indian civilization, has not been deciphered yet: Indus valley civilization was one of the most modernized civilizations of that era. And scholars have not been able to convert the language i.e. translate into an understandable form. Some argue that the Indus script is based on the Sanskrit language. Still efforts are going on to find a key for deciphering the language of Indus Valley Civilization.
5. One of Oldest and continuously inhabited cities: There are just few cities in the world which are loved and respected for their continuous inhibition since ages! India is lucky to have one such city. It is Varanasi – the spiritual capital of India. Varanasi is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities of the world. It is located in Uttar Pradesh. Hindu pilgrims keep on visiting the beautiful city of Varanasi. It is strongly believed that those who bathe in the sacred water of Ganga River at the Varanasi Ghats gets their sins washed away. Varanasi is also known as Banaras. This beautiful city is almost around 3200 years old.
6. Religion: India is the birth place of major religions including Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism.
7. Independence Day: India got freedom on 15th August, 1947 and hence Independence Day is celebrated every year on this day.
8. Father of the Nation: Mahatma Gandhi is known as Father of Indian Nation.
9. Land area: India is the seventh largest country in the world with an area of 3287263 sq. km, which is actually 2.42% of the world’s area.
10. Population: India has the second largest population in the world with a total population of over 1.20 billion, which is actually 17.31% of the World’s Population. (27th September, 2013)
11. Secularism: India never makes partiality between any two religions and no one religion is considered supreme over the other.
12. The largest numbers of vegetarians are found in India. In India, approximately, 29% of people are vegetarians. Most of the Vegetarian people do not eat non-vegetarian food because of their religious culture and norms. On the other hand, the health conscious Indians form the other group of people who love to eat only the vegetarian food.
13. India is known as Land of Spices because it produces a variety of spices: From, chilli, turmeric, clove, cumin, mint to asafetida, nutmeg, mace, curry powder, coriander and many more. If you search on internet for “garam masala meaning in English,” you will get the exact word “garam masala” in the result which is a mixture of spices that vary regionally in India in terms of the ingredients used. So, that should be enough to convince you why India is called as the Land of Spices!
14. Economy: India is third largest economy in the world in terms of Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) and tenth largest economy in terms of notional GDP.
15. Taj Mahal: Taj Mahal, the white marble mausoleum at Agra, is considered among the wonders of the world.
16. Largest Postal Network: India has more than 155000 post offices which is the largest in the world, even larger than that of China and Russia. The interesting fact about the postal network in India is that when the concept of Pincode was under discussion, many people thought that Pincode concept will not be successful in India because of high illiteracy rate in the country. However, what actually happened is that Pincode concept became a super hit concept in India.
17. Second Largest Labour force: The labour force of more than 468 million workers ranks second in the world.
18. Army: India has the 3rd largest standing army in the world.
19. Billionaires: India had 122 billionaires in 2012 and is ranked 5th in the world in terms of number of Billionaires.
20. Oceans around India: India is surrounded by Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal on the south, southwest and southeast respectively.
21. The Mars mission of India: Indian Space Research Organization’s Mars mission was a great success. And launching the rocket successfully in its first attempt is also a point to be admired. But the most catching fact about the Indian Mars Mission is that it is the world’s cheapest interplanetary mission.
22. Largest Democracy: India is the largest democratic country in the world, even larger than UA. Indian Constitution says that India is a “sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic”.
23. English Speakers: India has more than 121 million English-speaking people. It is the second largest English-speaking country in the world, next only to USA.
24. Federal Country: There are 29 states and 7 Union territories in India. India is a federal country and the powers are divided between the Central and State Governments of India. The States of India remain independent in the Internal Affairs.
25. Railway Network: The Indian Railway network is fourth largest in the world with a network length of 65000 kms.
26. Geography: India is a country in south East Asia. Its North-South extension and East-West extension is 3214 km and 2933 km respectively. Its latitudes are 8o4’ and 37o6’North and longitudes are 68o7’ and 97o25’ East.
27. River Ganga: The Sacred and holy river, Ganga, is longest in India and 34th in the World. River Ganga is worshiped by all the Hindus in India as the spirit of God. The water of River Ganga is traditionally used to wipe off all the bad deeds of the past.
28. Animal Cow: In India, Cow is considered as the sacred animal among the Hindus and worshiped as a Holy Spirit.
29. Milk Production: Another interesting fact about India is that it stands first in milk production. India produces 18.5 percent of total milk of the world. Moreover, this growth rate of India’s milk production is continuously rising. The ten highest milk producing states of India include – Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Haryana, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Punjab and Andhra Pradesh.
30. Agricultural and food Products: Agricultural crops: India does not only stand first in milk production all over the world. Rather, India is also first in the production of many agricultural crops. India is the largest producer of mango, papaya, lemon, millet, pulses, jute, dry bean, chick peas, cumin, ginger and chili pepper, milk, in the world. Such large-scale production of agricultural crops indicates clearly why Indian economy is mainly based on agriculture!
31. Most of the trucks in India have an attractive backside with a catchy one-liner or a unique painting: If you have never visited India, then you might be very surprised to know that the truck drivers decorate their trucks like brides. And if you carefully observe the rear part of the trucks then you will find different beautiful paintings as well as catchy one-liners!
32. The highest game of cricket ever: In Chail in Himachal Pradesh you will find a cricket ground situated at 2, 444 metres above sea level, making it the highest cricket ground in the world.
Apart from the facts given above, India has got numerous other interesting facts that are yet to be revealed about India and many historical stories and things have already been lost. This is the country where people of different religion live with peace and harmony. India is also home to thousands of dialects. India also ranks 10th in the world in plant diversity. The history, culture and heritage of India makes it very unique and the more you travel in India, the less travelled you will feel because there is so much to discover.