Water Cycle – Essay.
Water cycle can be referred as the movement of water from the land and back to the land. It is the common phenomenon in nature, a process by which water goes through a cycle of evaporation, condensation, and precipitation back in the form of water, thereby completing a cycle.
It can also be defined as the evaporation and transpiration of water. The water cycle is also called the Hydrological cycle.
Water is a necessity for human existence; its transformation and movement from one stage to another to feed the earth with enough water is called the water cycle.
The heat of the sun dries up the land, increasing its temperature, this will make the water available to evaporate to form a cloud, and the evaporated water can come from water bodies or in the soil or transpire by plants. The evaporated water to form a cloud, and when it’s saturated, it will fall as precipitation returning water to the land for use by plants and animals. This continuous Process is called the water cycle. Below are the details of the stages of a water cycle.
The water from the water bodies evaporates as steam and rises with the air. Water vapor as part of the atmosphere will rise since it is relatively warm.
The cooled water vapor collects together in the sky as clouds as it condenses due to the lower temperature of the atmosphere at that height. The force of the winds carries the clouds laden with the water.
When the weight of water that is held together as clouds get too much eventually the water precipitates in the form of rain or snow etc. It then flows and joins back the water bodies’ ready for evaporation as the temperatures rise.
This completes the cycle.
- There must be insolation
- Water must evaporate
- Cloud must be formed.
- There must be precipitation.
- Effect on climate: the water cycle helps to reduce the temperature of the earth.
- Conservation of water: it helps to conserve the available water present on the planet by means of
The water cycle is vital for our planet. Without it, we can’t survive because we need water for countless things. Plants need water to grow; we need water to quench our thirst and other household uses. For commercial and industrial uses. It is also a natured beautiful way of keeping a sufficient supply of water available without making it too much at any time.