**Aryabhatta**

**Introduction**

Aryabhatta is a re-known individual in the mathematical and astronomical arena in India. He stands out as one of the first people in this field and traces his origins to the Pataliputra now known as Patna, Bihar.

His work made a very noticeable impact that it is now made available to scholars. He did well both in Kusumapura and at the capital of the Gupta dynasty because of his compositions.

**Life**

He was born and raised in Kerala during the 476 AD through to 550 AD. He studied in the University of Nalanda before he relocated to Bihar. At Bihar he was able to complete his education. He spent a significant part of his life Taregana District in Bihar in the late 5^{th} and 6^{th} Century.

**What he is known for?**

Aryabhatta is recognized because of his contribution to astronomy as well as mathematics. He came up with astronomical calculations and deductions despite the fact that he did not have any modern equipment or tool. He is known to have had an accurate brain which was complemented by his commitment and hard work. These made it possible for him to design solutions concerning the solar system. He hypothesized that the earth is spherical and that it rotates at a fixed position called the axis. This is what according to him, is responsible for the presence of day and night. He also presented scientific facts against superstitious arguments and challenges to his theory.

Aryabhatta also suggested that the mood did not posses its own light. This would therefore mean that the light it exhibits is a result of reflection from the sun. When presented with the argument that the eclipse is as a result of the shadows cast by both the earth and moon, Aryabhatta argued with the help of epicycles and elaborated the inconsistent movement of some planets.

**Inventions and Contributions**

**Mathematics**

He came up with treatise that included four distinct chapters concerning sine tables, and astronomical constants. Rules on calculating longitudes of individual planets. This was possible because of the epicycles as well as eccentrics and rules that are concerned with trigonometry and the calculation of eclipses. In the Arybhatiya, there is a ganita section that constitutes of several innovative methods that can be used in calculating the chord length in circles with the use of the half chord method. This is different from what happened in Greek where the full chord method was used.

Arybhatiya also contributed to the approximation of pi. This was a very significant development and by this mathematical contribution, he was able to come up with an approximated value for pi- 3. 14. Later on he came up with the correct formulas to calculate the areas of both triangles as well as circles.

He also left a footprint in the place value system in mathematics. He discovered the zero and became the first person to ever use it in the place value system and worked on the summation progression of square roots and cube roots.

**Astronomy**

Arybhatiya came up with treaties which were significant in solving astronomical issues. It included both astronomical and mathematical facts. The treaties featured four chapters on matters relating to sine tables, longitudes, trigonometry and astronomical constants.

**Conclusion **

Aryabhatta is therefore an individual well deserving of recognition because of his theories that have been the foundation for trigonometry and algebra in Mathematics as well as the astronomical discoveries he made. Because of what he was able to achieve, India developed their first satellite and named it after Aryabhatta. There is also a research institute of observational sciences named in reverence to him as well as a knowledge university. His theories have been one of the driving forces behind the significant steps to have ever been made in the two concerned fields of study.