National integration means everyone in a country coming together as a whole. Different people integrate with others to form a single unity. The very word ‘integration’ comes from the Latin word for ‘whole’ (just as an ‘integer’ is a whole number, or somebody with ‘integrity’ is someone who is honest and whole).
In India, national integration can be said to have been increasing ever since the nation gained its independence in 1949 (when by Royal Assent it stopped being a colonial British territory and became a state in its own right). Indians have many things that unite them, such as their national symbols (which include the peacock and the tiger), their national flag and national holidays such as Gandhi’s birthday and Independence Day.
There is immense importance of national integration India. Integration means combination of parts into a whole. India is a country consisting of a number of regions. If the regions remain united there will be no problem.
Unity in diversity is the motto of Indian life and culture. A wide range of diversity in dress, language, culture, food and manner can be easily noticed among the people of different states of India. Though the people of India from different states of India are different in their manners and ways of living, they are aware of the importance of National Integration.
Nevertheless, there are also a few factors that divide denizens of India, including caste, language, class and income levels. The goal of national integration is thus to bring everybody together as equals. Certain measures are necessary for national integration in India.
- The banners, posters, slogans, lectures are not the remedies of this dreadful malady. It is important to study the problems, their causes and we must be sincere to remove them without causing any hurt to our national feeling.
- The light of education should be wide spread to remove the evils of illiteracy, ignorance, superstition and selfishness.
- Movement of people form one region to another should he encouraged along with inter-communal marriage.
- Importance of national integration in India should be made known through radio and television, film and drama, songs and cassettes.
A multi-lingual, multi-racial country like India demands greater attention and fullest co-operation on the part of the national leaders to cope with the problems. To defend our democracy, to stop the madding cry of the opportunists, the student community should take an oath at this juncture. Students can play an important role in the keeping up the spirit of national integration. Removal of poverty and casteism, restoration of moral and political sanity are what we essentially need.
Edited with inputs from various contributors.