Introduction: Physical education (PE) refers to the process of imparting systematic instructions in physical exercise, sports, games, and hygiene. The term is generally used for the physical education programs at school and colleges.
What is Physical Education?
Physical education (PE) refers to practical and theoretical training that is given, especially at schools, for the overall well-being of body and mind.
Physical education are formally given on regular basis according to well-ordered systematic plan, and it can be of various forms:
- exercises and activities such as aerobics, gymnastics, aquarobics, running, jogging, callisthenics, etc., carried out for sustaining and enhancing the fitness of the physical body,
- physical activities aimed at enhancing mental skills,
- outdoor sports that aims better health and bodily fitness,
- activities that increases flexibility of the body,
- knowledge of precautions to be taken to avoid diseases,
- knowledge relating to the importance of of proper nutrition and healthy food,
- knowledge to maintain hygiene, sanitation, etc.
Education aims at the training of the body, mind, and conduct of a student. To keep a healthy mind within a healthy body, a student needs regular physical exercise.
It is said that, “a sound mind in a sound body“. The brain of students gets tired after schoolwork. His mind refuses to work. Therefore, for diversion and refreshment of mind, he requires some organized forms of physical and mental work.
The Need for Physical education
Physical education forms an important part of modern education. Almost every school can boast of a playground, and one or two teams. In every modern school and colleges, after class work, students join various sports and games. The students generally take to all kinds of physical activities and show a great deal of interest in them. The proverb that says, “all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy” is true. If schools do not include PE as part of systematic curriculum, then the students would soon become dull and tired. Students need physical activities on regular basis to re-energize their mind and body. Further, information relating to hygiene and sanitation is much need right at the school level.
Various kinds of sports and games
Various kinds of games, sports, and physical exercises are taught in schools as part of physical education program. Some of them are outdoor, others indoor. The outdoor games include football, hockey, cricket, tennis, badminton, volleyball, and so on. Sports include popular pastimes like swimming, boating, athletic activities like pole jump, long jump, racing, and javelin throwing. Students are also taught physical exercises to improve and maintain good health.
Importance of Physical education to students
Physical Education is of special importance to students.
- They are great sources of pleasure to them.
- They build the body and refresh their mind.
- They train the mind in many virtues.
- They teach the players discipline and team spirit. In school sports, the players have to obey certain rules. They have to submit to the ruling of the referee or the umpire. Thus, they learn discipline and obedience.
- Physical education creates in students ‘the sporting spirit’. The students learn to play fair and honorably and to keep the rules of the game.
- They learn to be fair to their opponents.
- They develop pluck and patience.
- School sports teach them to take a defeat in a good spirit.
Physical education aims at bringing the best in the students.
Value of Physical education
Benefits to mind and body: Physical education do well both to the body and the mind. After brainwork in schools, students generally feel fatigued. In outdoor games in the afternoon, they inhale fresh air and feel energetic. These games give free play to all the organs of the body. Therefore, their health is improved. Outdoor games are played together.
Develops the sense of discipline: The players are given systematic instructions in physical education programs of schools and other educational institutions. They have to obey the orders of the trainer and the captain. They thus learn obedience and discipline. Outdoor games teach us to bear defeat calmly and to respect the winners. They also promote a spirit of good will and sportsmanship.
Forms character: Physical education teach us endurance and presence of mind. They build up character and train us to become useful citizens. A good sportsman generally leads others in sports. He thus acquires qualities of leadership.
Thus, Physical education is of great value.