Central Administration Ala-ud-din Khilji
Sultan Ala-ud-din Khilji has a large army and was able to suppress all lawless elements in his dominions and to take steps for the complete concentration of authority in his hands.
Although there were the ministers, Ala-ud-din was really his own prime minister. His ministers were secretaries or glorified clerks who had to carry out his will and look after the daily routine of administration. He did consult them whenever he liked, but he was not bound to accept their advice.
The governors of provinces or muqtis, too, unlike in the days of his predecessors, were brought under greater control of the central government. His espionage, developed to frightful perfection, overawed the nobles and courtiers who feared to exchange views among them or even to talk aloud. We are told by the historian, Barani, that they communicated their thought by means of signs.
While the Sultan (Ala-ud-din Khilji) put down the old nobility ruthlessly, he raised the common people, who were possessed of merit and loyalty, to positions of importance. Throughout the kingdom no one could claim equality with the Sultan. All were reduced to the position of his vassals, servants or subjects. Under him the Sultanate reached a high watermark of despotism, the like of which had been unknown in India for ages.