Indian Defence and Security
Introduction: National Defence and security is of prime importance for any Government or nation. National Defence means the protection of a country against foreign invasion or aggression.
National Security is a concept that that expects the Central Government of a unitary state to protect the whole country and its people against any national crisis by adopting political, economical, diplomatic, military other means.
India: During the period of over 65 years of our country’s existence since Independence, there has been invasions and aggression. This also means that in spite of our country’s efforts to maintain peace in the region and with a population of peace loving nationals, we have been forced to devote a great deal of thought to the necessity of National Defence. We spend huge amounts on strengthening defences, to protect ourselves from such aggressions.
Categories of National Indian Defence: Indian Defence, broadly speaking, falls into three categories: Land Defence, Naval Defence and Aerial Defence which are executed respectively by the Army, the Navy and the Air Force. These three are the basic props of our security against external threats. But these would not suffice without the Engineering Defences needed to fortify our frontiers. Similarly at the times of emergency our National Cadet Corps (NCC) and Border Security Force (BSF) come handy.
Expenses: India makes huge defence expenditure. There is a need to increase allocations for research and development of weaponry. We need to develop technology for fighter aircraft, submarine or even long range artillery. We import several defence items from foreign countries. In the past, we had purchased MIG from USSR and Bofors guns from Sweden.
Scientists: Scientists of Indian origin are acclaimed the world over. Dr. Abdul Kalam, the father of India’s Nuclear Programme, was awarded the ‘Bharat Ratna’.
Nuclear explosions: It was being debated over the years whether India had the capacity and know-how to produced and detonate nuclear bombs. This was settled when the late Prime Minister Indira Gandhi issued orders for explosion of a Nuclear powered atomic bomb in 1974.
In 1998, another series of Nuclear tests that were conducted is known as Pokhran II.
Some of our Nuclear powered neighboring countries includes Pakistan and China.
Conclusion: The strong Indian defense system will act as a deterrent to any wars in future.