Introduction: The smooth working of the democratic Government and other institutions suffer to a great extent because of India’s backwardness in education.
Most of the people are not conscious of their rights, and duties because of the lack of proper education and awareness. It is with the educated and enlightened people alone that the country can progress in all directions. In our country, adult illiteracy poses a serious problem and hence, the need of adult education.
Adult education refers the systematic approach towards educating the adult population and the enable them to read, write, and learn new skills.
The problem of adult illiteracy: Adults are illiterate because they were devoid of education during their childhood. Thus, the root of the present problem of adult illiteracy lies in the past. Since, Indian economy mainly depends upon agriculture. The working class constitutes a great part of it. Many parents of this class of people do not favor of sending their children to school. Even when they come to school, they become drip-outs and help their parents in tending cattle and doing many other works to add to family income.
Sometimes, illiterate, unemployed people run to the towns and cities to work as laborers in industries and factories. They do not like to go back to the villages to get skilled in various ancestral trades and professions and work for a living.
The need of adult education or literacy: This is due to lack of education, learning and proper consciousness. When they are educated, they can take an active part in the development of their country-side in various fields and ensure the progress of the country.
There is a need for adult education, both formal and informal. In India, many adult people are illiterate. They cannot read or write. They are not able to develop their sense of awareness of many things that would help them in life. With a view to marking these people literate, emphasis has been put on adult education following formal channels. Night schools are being organized in the slum areas in towns and cities and in undeveloped rural areas. Vigorous campaigns are launched to make the adult illiterates realize their aim in life.
Further, adult education should also aim at enhancing skills of unskilled adult population in various sectors such as agriculture, industrial processes, etc. Special emphasis can be made on setting up Vocational training institutes.
Further, the moral values and spiritual up-liftment can be done through informal education channels.
Conclusion: Adult education is a tool that will make citizens more responsible in a democratic setup. They will be empowered to perform their duties properly.
It is not enough to enable them how to read and write, they must know what they are expected to do as citizens of this great country. There should be continuous Post-literacy programme, so that they do not forget what they have learnt and keep themselves, up-to-date about the developments in the country.