Republic Day in India – Short Speech 1.
Greetings to the teachers and students gathered here. India is one of the biggest and vibrant democracies in the world. Republic Day in India is celebrated on the 26th of January every year.
This occasion marks the adoption of the Indian Constitution in 1950. The constitution of India was drafted by a great many leaders soon after the Independence of the nation.
It is celebrated with patriotism and grandeur across the country. An extravagant parade is held in the national capital with the armed forces and the representation of police forces from across the state marching across the Raj Path with pride. It also includes cultural programmes and display of the diversity of the states of the proud nation.
The President makes a speech on the eve of the Republic Day and the Prime Minister addresses the nation on the Republic Day. Many other dignitaries from within the nation and abroad formally attend the event.
Apart from this, a parade and cultural events are held at every state capital attended by the Governor, Chief Minister and other dignitaries. The hoisting of the flag is carried out by the Governor. Students of schools and college attend the special celebration to mark the day with a flag hoisting ceremony. Stunts are performed by the police; para-military and military forces as well as the display of the cavalry and military grandeur are viewed with awe by the general public and looked forward to.
Apart from these celebrations, the republic day is the event for the distribution of awards for civilians and military men by the President of the Nation. The Padma Awards are handed out to civilians as recognition of their achievements in various fields like art and music. Medals of honour for the distinguished services of members of police and military forces are also given out. Awards for the acts of bravery by civilians are also rewarded during this occasion. The festivities come to an end with the beating retreat ceremony held in the evening of 29th January.
Beyond the festivities, it is a day to remember the sacrifice of thousands of martyrs you have lost their lives and struggled for the independence of the nation. It is also an occasion to remember the foresight of our leaders who created one of the strongest and inclusive Constitutions for the nation that has stood the test of time. It is a day to salute to the Republic of the nation and its democratic ideals that have stayed with us for several decades. In conclusion to this speech, I would like to reiterate the fading enthusiasm among young people and we need to respect and recognise the importance of our democracy and our constitution.
Republic Day (26th January) – Short Speech 2
We are all proud citizens of India. 26th January is celebrated as Republic Day in India every year. On this day in 1950, India becomes a Democratic Republic. Celebrations are held every year on this day throughout the country.
On the 26th day of January, 1950, the Constitution of India came into force and made India a Democratic Republic country. We commemorate this day to recall and show respect to the day on which the foundation of Republic was laid officially in our country. This means that the people of our country rule themselves and all are equal and free. The government is ruled by candidates selected (elected representatives) by the people of our country, and hence the supreme power is held by the people of India.
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, the father of Indian Constitution, personally supervised the its drafting. The then existing Government of India Act, 1935 was replaced by the Indian Constitution. Though the Constitution of India was made effective from 26th January, 1950, it was ratified and principally approved on 26th November, 1949.
Hence, India becomes a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic on 26th January, 1950. But the word ‘socialist’ and ‘secular’ was previously not present in the constitution. It was added in its 42nd amendment in 1976.
The fundamental rights and duties of the people of the Republic in India have been laid down in our constitution. Every citizen of India is equal in the eye of law, and no one is to suffer because of religion, creed, caste, colour or race.
It is a matter of proud for all of us that our constitution enjoys supremacy over other laws and it cannot be overridden even by the parliament.
During the British Rule, two great personalities such as Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore gave the same message of peace, love, unity and equality.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of the Indian Republic, had asked us to think more of our duties than of our rights. Jawaharlal Nehru, our first Prime Minister too, has again given us the same message.
The people of India celebrate Republic Day with proud and honour. This is also a day of reunion. The People celebrate this day with the whole family. People wear new clothes and start the day with the National Song of India.
In most organizations, clubs, institutions, parades are organized. People assemble together holding the Tri-colour National Flag in their hand and march in military manner. Patriotic songs are sung everywhere.
The celebrations in the capital (New Delhi) are the most stunning with parade and cultural pageant by different states. It lasts for three days from 26th day of January to the 29th day of January. A grand parade is held and India’s defense capabilities are showcased in the special event. The unfurling of our National Flag by our President on each Republic day are the moments that instills among the Indians a feeling of patriotism and duty towards our nation. The Beating Retreat ceremony is performed by the Indian Forces on the 29th day of January.
Republic Day is an official holiday and all the schools and colleges celebrate this day by organizing a little program and finally a parade of all boys and girls. They all march inside the campus of the schools and colleges and feel proud to be an Indian. Many people celebrate this day with their friends and loved ones.
Let us make a great promise that we would live together in peace and happiness as the people of the same nation.