Bauxite in India
India is ranked 6th in the world in terms of Bauxite Reserves. Bauxite is the ore of aluminium. A light durable, rust free metal called aluminium is extracted from Bauxite. Aluminium is also good conductor of electricity.
Aluminium is extracted from Bauxite. It is used widely in the manufacturing of:
- Air crafts,
- Building construction,
- Electric wire and equipment’s,
- Furniture and utensils,
- Scientific accessories, and,
- Aluminium mixed with copper produces Duralumin, a metal much stronger than steel.
Bauxite Producing areas in India
Large amount of bauxite comes from:
- Orissa (ranks first): Sambalpur, Koraput, Kalahandi and Ganjam,
- Jharkhand (ranks 3rd): Lohardaga near Ranchi and Palamau districts,
- Maharashtra: Ratnagiri and Kolaba, Thane, Satara of Kolhapur district,
- Madhya Pradesh: Chhattisgarh – Balaghat, Rajgarh and Bilashpur,
- Gujarat (ranks 2nd): Bhavanagar, Junagarh and Amreli,
- Karnataka: Belgaum and Bababudan hills,
- Tamil Nadu: Salem.
Next to Orissa, Gujarat ranks second and Jharkhand third in Bauxite production in India.
Trade: For a long time India had to export large quantities of bauxite. But with the development of aluminium factories the domestic demand for bauxite has been increased.