Agriculture in Gujarat
Gujarat has shown good progress in agriculture. The economy of Gujarat is largely dependent upon agriculture. More than 50 percent of the total available land is being used for agriculture.
The main food crops are bajra, jowar, rice and wheat. Major commercial crops or cash crops are groundnut, tobacco and cotton, linseed, sugarcane, etc. Other important cash crops are isabgul (Psyllium husk), cumin, mangoes and bananas.
Agriculture of Gujarat is being modernized with the introduction of improvements, both technological and organizational.
- High yielding varieties of seeds are being used.
- Chemical fertilizers are applied and
- Irrigation has been improved by utilizing properly both ground water and surface water resources of the State.
- The diversified cropping pattern of Gujarat is amply supported by irrigation.
- Cold-storage, logistics and improved infrastructure is being developed.
- The agricultural research institutes give further boost for sustained output.
As a result, productions of different crops have been steadily increasing. Cooperative farming has given a major boost to the agricultural and economic growth of Gujarat. Amul daily is world’s largest milk dairy program.
Gujarat now ranks first in India in the annual production of tobacco, and groundnut, Groundnut is mostly concentrated in the peninsular Gujarat with light and friable soil. Tobacco is concentrated in Kheda and Vadodara. Cotton is raised in the Gujarat plain where rainfall is between 60 and 100 cm.