Short Essay on Dowry System in India: In our Indian society there are numerous problems like superstitions, illiteracy, cast system and dowry system, etc.
It is surprising that even in these days of the 21th century, we are still drowned in the dark depth of these evils.
The word ‘dowry’ means the property, valuable securities, money that a bride brings to her husband’s house at the time of her marriage.
Dowry is a form of consideration (in cash or otherwise) demanded by the groom or his relatives in return for marring the to be bride.
The dowry system in India is one that involves the parents of the bride giving some form of consideration to the family of the groom. The most common forms of dowry include land, real estate property, jewellery, money, durable electronics, utensils, household appliances, and other goods that can last.
One of the worst evils of Indian Society is the dowry system. The custom of dowry is prevalent in all the sections of our society in one form or the other. At the beginning it was voluntary, but later on the social pressure was such that very few could escape from it.
The dowry system is massive problem to the bride’s parents who have to bear enormous cost to satisfy the unreasonable demands of the groom’s family. A demand of dowry does not diminish even after marriage. In some instances, even years after the marriage, the in-laws of the bride continue demanding dowry from the bride’s parents.
Dowry System is a social evil and must be eradicated forth with at any cost. Women from every walk of life, literate or illiterate, poor or rich, young or old must unite together and come forward to protect their own honour and interest. Though the Government has promulgated certain anti-dowry laws, these have not produced the desired results. People’s efforts are also necessary if this evil is to be removed once for all. The high expenditure of the marriage ceremony must be cut down.
Women must be empowered. Gender-based inequality should be completely abolished and the position of women in the society should be raised. Women must be taught since girlhood that their life is not useless without marriage.
Girls should get the opportunity to get education at schools. After completion of school education, they should be encouraged to have higher education. Proper education of girls would be helpful in educating girls and women of their rights. Their age of marriage should be raised. They should be encouraged to enter into various fields of paid jobs, as their higher economic status also discourages demands for dowry. The practice of mass marriage should be encouraged for the sake of economy.