Major wheat producing states
The major wheat producing states in India are
- Uttar Pradesh,
- Haryana, and
- Madhya Pradesh.
The state of Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of wheat, accounting for over 34 per cent of the wheat produced in India.
It has the largest area under wheat. It is grown in almost every part of the state; but the greatest concentration is in the western part.
The important wheat producing districts of the state of Uttar Pradesh are Meerut, Aligarh, Agra, Muzaffarnagar, Saharanpur, Bulandshahar, Kanpur and Mathura.
The Punjab ranks second (accounting of about. 20 per cent of the total) in wheat production in India. The important wheat producing districts in Punjab State are Ferozepur, Ludhiana, Patiala and Amritsar.
Haryana occupies the third place in wheat production among the states of India. The important districts of this state are Hissar, Ambala, Jind, Rohtak and Faridabad.
Madhya Pradesh ranks the fourth position in wheat production. The main wheat producing districts of Madhya Pradesh are Sagar, Jabalpur, Sehare, Gwalior, Indore and Ujjain.
The other wheat producing states of India are
- Rajasthan (Ganganagar, Kota etc,),
- Bihar (Saran, Champaran, Gaya, Patna),
- West Bengal,
- Jammu and Kashmir,
- Himachal Pradesh and
Production: The average wheat production of the country is more 1,2oo kg per hectare. The yield is higher on irrigated lands. Punjab and Haryana have the highest yields (above 1,520 kg per hectare). The production has been steadily raised due to the introduction of high yielding varieties, such as, Sonara, Hira, Moti, Sonalika and Kalyan Sona. These are selected from the original Mexican dwarf wheat and they give much higher yields.