Major Rice Producing States
The major rice-producing states in India falls in the regions of the middle and lower Ganga plains and the coastal lowlands of the peninsular India.
Rice is grown in almost all the states of India. But its cultivation is mainly concentrated in river valleys, deltas and low lying coastal areas.
The main rice producing states are:
- West Bengal,
- Uttar Pradesh,
- Andhra Pradesh,
- Tamil Nadu,
Rice is a staple food in many parts of India. These states produce more than half of the country’s total output.
1. West Bengal
Among the rice producing states, West Bengal is by far the most important producer and ranks the leading position, accounting for about 15 per cent of the total quantity of rice produced in India. The major rice producing districts in the state are Bardhaman, Medinipur, North and South 24 Parganas.
2. Uttar Pradesh:
It occupies the second position in rice production. The important rice producing districts of Uttar Pradesh are Kheri, Pilibhit and Bahraich.
3. Andhra Pradesh:
Andhra Pradesh ranks third in the production of rice in India. In recent years, it has come to the forefront of rice production. The Guntur, Kurnool and Nellore districts are leading producers.
It ranks the fourth position in rice production in India. The yield per hectare is highest in Punjab in our country. Rice is abundantly produced in Amritsar, Faridkot, Gurudaspur, Patiala and Hoshiarpur.
5. Tamil Nadu:
It ranks the fifth position in rice production in India. The Kaveri delta produces plenty of rice. The important rice producing districts are Chennai, Madurai, Coimbatore and Thiruchirapalli.
The coastal plain of Odisha, particularly the Mahanadi delta is important for rice production. Baleswar, Puri and Cuttack are noted for rice.
This state occupies the seventh position in rice production. The eastern parts of northern plains are important rice producing regions. Darbhanga and Purnea are the most notable districts for rice production.
Besides these slates, rice is also grown in Haryana, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Jharkhand and Gujarat. The hilly states of North-East India (Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, and Tripura) also produce rice.
( The information is only suggestive.)